A study released July 9 confirms what anyone watching the church in Metro Vancouver already knows – that many immigrants have found welcome and support from local faith communities.
The Faith and Immigration report begins:
A comprehensive public opinion study of new Canadians – a partnership between the Angus Reid Institute and Cardus – suggests immigrants often seek and find help, both temporal and spiritual, from Canadian religious communities. These communities are evidently integral in new Canadians’ journeys into their new lives in this country.
Half of Canadians who were born outside of Canada (49%) say they received material support from faith based communities in Canada, including help finding a job or learning a language.
Further, six-in-ten (63%) say they relied on these groups to form a community and network after they arrived in the country. Second-generation Canadians, those whose parents were born outside of Canada, also say their parents received significant support when they arrived from these communities.
This extensive study explores the role that faith has played in helping immigrants and second-generation Canadians establish themselves, and the impact that this has on discussions of policy and societal values going forward in Canada.
A National Post article quoted leading representatives of the two groups sponsoring the study:
“I’m not sure Canadians appreciate the story of what faith communities do,” says Ray Pennings, Cardus’s executive vice-president. “They actually play a pretty significant role in our day-to-day life.” . . .
“They don’t know anyone, so they go to their church, synagogue, temple or whatever, and that’s where they find people,” says Angus Reid, chairman of the Angus Reid Institute. The survey, Reid says, didn’t differentiate between services from religiously based organizations and those provided directly from congregations.
The Faith and Immigration study reinforces earlier research.
German immigrant churches
For example, here is something Jonathan Bird and I included in an article about the Sunset community in southeast Vancouver when we were doing a survey of all the neighbourhoods in the city:
The aftermath of the war brought an influx of German immigrants to Sunset, who founded quite a number of churches – Mennonite, Mennonite Brethren, Lutheran, Roman Catholic and Baptist.
David Ley, head of the Geography Department at UBC, co-authored a study detailing the under-appreciated role these (and other immigrant) churches had in providing vital settlement services. Recently, those same churches have grappled with Vancouver’s new multicultural reality.
Go here for the full 36 page study.
Dutch immigrants welcome others
Another article from 2014 told the story of a church of a Dutch immigrant church:
The congregation of First Christian Reformed Church – which is right next door to the building site – has been looking forward to the completion of Welcome House. The facility is a project of ISSofBC (Immigrant Services Society of BC) and will be an effective focal point for the agency’s wide-ranging activities throughout Metro Vancouver.
Up to 200 refugees at a time will be processed through the centre, living there for the time needed to prepare the newcomers for turnover to their sponsoring agents.
Trevor Vanderveen, First CRC’s co-pastor for the past eight years, along with his wife, Julia Prins-Vanderveen, sees the new centre’s adjacency to the church as an “opportunity for spiritual and volunteer support.” . . .
First CRC was founded by Dutch immigrants in 1926 and saw much of its growth in the years immediately following World War Two.
“Many of those immigrants, while not refugees, came here with little money. They share the trauma [of the contemporary refugee],” he points out. Today, the church is about 60 percent Dutch background with other immigrant groups, including Chinese and Korean.
There are so many other examples of Christians offering a warm reception for immigrants, from groups that work with asylum seekers such as Kinbrace, Journey Home and New Hope to Chinese churches welcoming Mandarin-speakers from China and the Salvation Army providing a broad range of services. Hundreds of churches and ministries are involved. Go here for a very partial overview.
More key findings in study
The Faith and Immigration study noted several other key findings from the poll:
- Immigrants are twice as likely as “third-generation+” Canadians (those whose connection to Canada began with their grandparents or further back) to say that religion should have a significant influence on public life in Canada (20% to 10%) and half as likely to say there should be no influence (15% to 29%)
- Canadians of all persuasions are slightly more likely to share their faith and spiritual values with their mothers rather than their fathers. This is particularly true of immigrants – three-quarters (75%) share their faith with their mothers, compared to 56 per cent among third-generation+
- At least six-in-ten Canadians among each of these three groups say that having a religious based upbringing helps to shape positive characteristics for Canadians in society
Go here to read the Angus Reid Institute report on Faith and Immigration.