Peter Biggs of The Light Magazine is researching one Metro Vancouver / Fraser Valley municipality each month, and producing a four page feature. The September issue features Surrey.
The Semiahmoo, Katzie and Kwantlen First Nations People have lived in the region for thousands of years. Incorporated in 1879, Surrey officially became a city in 1993.
The two-lane Pattullo Bridge linking New Westminster and Surrey was opened 1937. The old Port Mann Bridge opened on June 12, 1964, originally carrying four lanes, and was replaced by the present 10 lane new bridge, as part of the $3 billion Gateway Program in 2012.
Surrey is the province’s third largest city by area (after Abbotsford and Prince George), and the second largest city by population after Vancouver.
The City of Surrey is composed of six town centres: Fleetwood, Whalley / City Centre, Guildford, Newton, Cloverdale and South Surrey.
The 2011 census found that English was spoken as mother tongue by 51.72 percent of the population; the next most common language was Punjabi, spoken by 20.17 percent of the population. Visible minorities make up 53.6 percent of the population, with 30.7 percent being South Asian.
Surrey witnessed unprecedented population growth during the 1980s and 1990s. It is currently projected to increase by 300,000 people in the next three decades, surpassing the city of Vancouver as the most populous city in BC by 2041.
The 2016 Census recorded Surrey’s population increasing by 10.6 percent since 2011 to 517,887. To compare, Langley’s population increased by 12.6 percent and Coquitlam’s by 9.8 percent, while BC’s population grew by 5.6 percent and Canada’s by 5 percent.
As Surrey grows, city planners are developing a vibrant central downtown; however, according to recent reports, establishment of Surrey Central’s downtown has somewhat stalled, with developers preferring to invest in cities such as Richmond, Burnaby, North Vancouver and Coquitlam. The Globe & Mail reported in March:
“. . . a handful of new condo towers and a small swath of low-rise apartments sit awkwardly next to a cluster of rundown, mouldy split-levels, empty lots.”
The 2011 National Household Survey states, “The most frequently reported religious affiliation in Surrey was Sikh, reported by 104,720 – 22.6 percent of the population.
Other frequently reported religions include Roman Catholic (13.8 percent) and other Christian denominations (7.6 percent). Provincially, Roman Catholics make up 15 percent of the population, and other Christian denominations 7.2 percent.
Homelessness on ‘The Strip’
Largely hidden from view, behind stores on King George Boulevard and 108 Street in Whalley, is the infamous ‘Strip’ on 135A Street.
Walking along the two blocks from 108 to 106 Avenue can be harrowing. The entire length of the sidewalk is packed with makeshift tents and shelters. Around 100 homeless people live there. Drug use is rampant and it does not take much discernment to see the brokenness and squalour caused by untreated mental illnesses.
For basic hygiene reasons the city power-washes the sidewalk weekly, a routine inhabitants have become accustomed to – moving their tents aside. There are three vandalized and defaced portable toilets. The Strip has only grown in the last couple of years.
The RCMP have a dedicated 12 member squad and portable office on The Strip. Members walk The Strip in pairs. It is obviously a tough assignment. They rotate out after three to four months.
Surrey Urban Mission / NightShift
The Light visited two prominent Christian ministries which work with the homeless on The Strip. Surrey Urban Mission (SUM) – headed by Mike Musgrove and, just 2 blocks down from them, NightShift Street Ministries, headed by MaryAnne Conner. They nicely complement each other with the different services they offer.
Connor and Musgrove both encounter crushing brokenness in people daily, but share a common vision and faith for people to find hope and lasting change through Jesus.
Connor says, “I go to two scriptures:
• Matthew 25: “They also will answer, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or needing clothes or sick or in prison, and did not help you?’
“He will reply, ‘Truly I tell you, whatever you did not do for one of the least of these, you did not do for me.’
• Isaiah 61: “The Spirit of the Sovereign Lord is on me,
. . . He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted,
to proclaim freedom for the captives
and release from darkness for the prisoners”
Surrey Urban Mission (SUM) occupies an old bowling alley storefront on King George. SUM provides breakfasts for 90 – 140 (partnering with Rick’s Heart Foundation), lunches for 120 – 200 Monday to Friday, and dinners.
“We provide 30 shelter beds,” Musgrove says, “with another 120 homeless people using one of the three local shelters run by Lookout Shelters adjacent to The Strip.”
Asked how he deals with the extreme need every day, he adds, “I see people who have been abandoned all their lives – that’s not something most of us have experienced. A relationship with Christ brings such people hope.”
Nightshift workers go out daily with their large Care Bus. Volunteers bring sandwiches and soup and offer counselling services and prayer. “We circulate The Strip with a clip-board and get ‘prayer requests’. We then take them and volunteers form a visible Prayer Circle on the street and pray,”
Mary Ann says. “It’s about more than just serving soup. We see a ‘continuum of care’ involving outreach, counselling, education and transitional housing.” Nightshift offers an extensive Volunteer training course they call ‘FORGE’ with Doctors, addiction specialists…etc coming to teach; and have started ‘Forge Youth’ training for 13 -18 year olds. . . .
Peoples Church is strategically placed in an area of Guilford that has a community of Arabic speaking immigrants, including large numbers of recent refugees from Iraq and Syria.
Amal Alexan is an Egyptian Christian who works with refugee women. She has led numbers of Middle Eastern women to faith in Christ since 2000.
“I visit a lot of women in their homes and have a weekly meeting at People’s Church. Women bring their friends and we have 30 – 40 come each week,” she says.
Alexan spoke of one call she had out of the blue from a very fundamentalist Muslim.
“I didn’t know her but she was told I could pray for her to have a baby, (they’d been trying for years) I explained we’d be praying to Jesus, and who he is – she agreed. Next week she came with her friend to the meeting; two months later she became pregnant!”
Cloverdale pastors . . . Surge!
Twenty four Cloverdale church leaders (most pastors) representing 15 churches enrolled together in an intense nine month discipleship program pioneered in Phoenix Arizona called Surge (“a movement of local churches united to put Jesus on display through equipping our congregations, sending servant leaders and blessing our cities.”)
Dave Groen, associate pastor at Hope Community Church, originally introduced the idea to other Cloverdale pastors. “I heard of it from my father-in-law Mike Goheen who taught it at Seminary in Phoenix, Arizona,” he says. Surge has had over 1,000 pastors complete it (mainly from Arizona) – Cloverdale is the first Canadian one.
Surge progresses through four main stages of understanding and application of the gospel:
• First it focuses on the Gospel story and finding your place in the drama of the biblical narrative. The macro view of God’s big story.
• Secondly there is a focus on the application of the Gospel to our hearts and lives as the Holy Spirit continues to shape our thinking, attitude and actions through His Word.
• Thirdly is the development of a view of the larger purpose of God’s People in the mission that God has given to disciples for as long as we have breath in our lungs.
• Lastly, is an examination of the Kingdom value of our vocation. This last section will help us to develop an understanding of our calling as Christ-centered people working in various locations and vocations.
These Cloverdale pastors & Leaders met weekly, at tables of 8 – 10. “There was homework and our sharing became very real, challenging and important,” Groen says.
Asked why already busy pastors would sign up, to an intense course like this, Groen says, “We all knew we needed to be intentional about making disciples, but also knew we weren’t necessarily doing it.” Surge requires that pastors have to complete the program before it is introduced into their churches. . . .
Church leaders meet the mayor
Dean Cooper is a pastor at Peace Portal Alliance Church. He created a survey that he sent to 18 Surrey churches to enquire what ministries/services they provided for the community. “The churches were chosen both geographically (from each of Surrey’s communities) and for being known as open to inter-church collaboration,” he says.
The results made up a report that contained an impressive list of ‘good works’.
These 18 churches represent about 15,000 attendees and documented nearly 2,000 volunteers serving over 20,000 people in their communities in such areas as: immigrant services and ESL classes, services to the poor and homeless, extreme weather shelters, support and mentoring of people with addictions, reintegrating ex-prisoners into the community, and school adoption including hot meal programs.
’What can we the churches do to serve the City of Surrey?’
She spoke of young people, gangs and a number of other social challenges. She in turn asked, ‘How can I let the community know what the church is doing to serve our community?’ The average person has no idea what the church does, and with our poor record of working together as churches how would they find out?
[Go here for an article on their work.]
When looking at the ‘big picture’ in a city or region, two factors that come to the fore are homelessness / social needs and seniors. Demographically it is well known that the proportion of seniors in the population is significantly increasing (along with associated health care needs).
Amongst Surrey’s resources addressing the need of aging seniors is the large Elim Village campus, with its 300-plus residential units. . . .
Friendship: Christian / Sikh schools
He sent his fellow grade 7 teacher there a simple email. Robbie Purewall, also a vice principal, is around the same age, and responded warmly. One thing led to another and they started to explore friendship and ways their students would benefit by meeting each other.
“We wanted our kids to understand more of what’s it like to be a 12 year old Christian or Sikh kid living in Surrey.” Nagtegaal says.
Purewall adds, “Neither of us want our kids growing up in a ‘bubble’.” Purewall invited Nagtegaal and his class over. “They were super hospitable,” Nagtegaal says. Students were paired up and given tours of the Sikh Academy, then lunch. After lunch some played soccer, while others informally socialized.
On a debrief Purewall says “My kids were really surprised! I kept hearing, ’They like the same things we do!’ from my students.”
Since that time, Surrey Christian School superintendent Dave Loewen and Sikh Academy principal Baldeep Hehar have enjoyed numerous lunches with Nagtegaal and Purewall. Warm and genuine friendship has grown. “The four of us are in touch at least monthly,” Nagtegaal says.
The Sikh Academy was only started in 2009 – with 16 kids. “We grew so quickly, (we’re now around 700). Surrey Christian were there to help us deal with this rapid growth at many levels,” says Purewall.
We were really touched when they gave us a ‘Friendship Bench’ their kids had made. It now sits in our playground – kids are told that if they feel sad or lonely they can go over and sit on it, then other kids will come alongside them.”
There are now numerous connections between the schools, all teachers even sharing a ‘Pro D’ day. Teachers from other grades now get together for ‘buddy classes,’ along with occasional field trips.
• Pacific Academy
A significant Christian presence in Surrey is Pacific Academy (PA). With 1,500 students (pre-school – grade 12) it was founded in 1985 and along with a reputation for academic excellence a distinctive of PA is what they describe as ‘a culture of outreach.’
“We even start with pre-school students who collect diapers and baby formula for single moms,” Cindy Lambier says. “Grade 1 and 2 students visit senior care centres, older students join our NightShift Street Ministry weekly teams and over 100 go on a three-week short-term overseas mission trip.”
Tim Barks heads PA. “We have students that represent over 100 churches,” he says. “We seek to build a culture of outreach. Our facilities are also home on the weekend to four or five churches that rent our facilities.”
• Surrey Christian School
The school has now grown to over 1,000 pupils (pre-school – grade 12). Like PA, they seek to have students serve the community.
“One example is our IT class,” Clara Atagi says. “New immigrants are invited into our computer lab. Three teachers and volunteer students teach them necessary computer skills. Our grade 11 and 12 IT students have built websites for non-profit organizations,” she says.
Very visible is ‘The Belonging Project.’ Grade 6 and 7 students have built and painted many benches for organizations “they felt contributed deeply to our communities.”
• Holy Cross Catholic School
Offering pre-school to Grade 12, Holy Cross Catholic School has around 800 students. Their school motto is in hoc signo vinces, reflecting their belief that with Christ’s help we can conquer any obstacles. They encourage students to become socially aware and productive members of society, who will model the Christian values that they have learned during their time at Holy Cross.
• Regent Christian Academy
Along with three separate schools (elementary, middle and high) each year Regent Christian Academy welcomes over 100 international students and offers intensive ESL. As in other Christian schools, right from kindergarten and continuing to grade 12, Regent students are taught to care for those less fortunate, with a variety of opportunities to share the love of Jesus in tangible and meaningful ways.
Regent Christian Academy is committed to missions: ‘Each year we send our DISCOVER, EXPLORE and JOURNEY teams (school ambassadors) out into the mission field. No matter what team our students are part of, they return forever changed.’
• Cloverdale Christian School
Cloverdale Christian School has approximately 200 students from pre-school to grade 7. Started in 1959 ,it was an extension of Zion Lutheran Church. They welcome students from all denominations, with many going on to high school at Surrey Christian School.
(White Rock Christian Academy and others will be covered in next month’s Surrey 2: South Surrey / White Rock.)
Go here for The Light’s complete Surrey profile.